PhD student Billy Ross is using motion-sensing camera traps to establish baseline data on the number of northern quolls and feral cats in the Pilbara to
determine whether cat-baiting can prevent the threatened mammals’ extinction.
“Feral cats are devastating our native wildlife – they are killing millions of individuals of many wildlife species and have been implicated in a number of extinctions and declines across the continent,” says Mr Ross.
“Since their arrival alongside European settlement, they have dispersed across more than 98 per cent of the country. We need to implement broad-scale cat control initiatives to prevent further declines and to assist the recovery of those threatened species currently on the brink.”
Mr Ross is monitoring populations of the endangered northern quoll in the Pilbara, one of the last quoll habitats to remain free of cane toads – another invasive species with a devastating impact on quoll numbers. He is also measuring feral cat densities and recording the interactions between feral cats and quolls.
“Over the next three years I will investigate the impact of the Eradicat baiting program on feral cat densities and spatial ecology; the nature of interactions between cats and quolls in the Pilbara; and the ecological responses of quolls to reduced numbers of feral cats.”
The Pilbara cat-baiting program is managed by the West Australian Department of Parks and Wildlife, a TSR Hub partner, as part of a Threatened Species Offset Plan supported by Rio Tinto. The department assumes responsibility for baiting, assessing bait uptake and quoll monitoring – with the research undertaken by Mr Ross designed to complement and augment the program’s activities.
His research forms part of the TSR Hub’s Project 1.1, which aims to develop management tools to reduce the impact of feral species on threatened mammals. The project is led by Professor John Woinarski and Dr Sarah Legge.
Despite occasionally running into difficulties with impenetrable spinifex and the often-searing heat of the Pilbara, Mr Ross still manages to appreciate the beauty of his surroundings.
“I consider myself fortunate to spend so much time among the mighty mesas (hills) and gorgeous gorges of my field sites.”
Mr Ross will continue his research for the next three years – collecting and analysing data with the intention of optimising future baiting programs.
Image: Setting a trap by Billy Ross
It is Threatened Species Day on 7 September. If you are a threatened species in Australia, chances are you are on Indigenous-managed land, as it is the last stronghold for many species which have been lost from the wider landscape .
New research has found that habitat loss is a major concern for hundreds of Australian bird species, and south-eastern Australia has been the worst affected. The Threatened Species Recovery Hub study found that half of all native bird species have each lost almost two-thirds of their natural habitat across Victoria, parts of South Australia and New South Wales.
Kanyirninpa Jukurrpa (KJ) Rangers in the Martu Determination have collaborated with Threatened Species Recovery Hub scientists to design a monitoring program for mankarr (the greater bilby). Martu people identified priorities for the bilby monitoring program, then worked with Dr Anja Skroblin from The University of Melbourne to co-develop a monitoring method which brings together Martu knowledge and practice with Western conservation science.
I am a proud Murri from the Kamilaroi Nation in north-west New South Wales. I grew up in western Sydney on Darug land and now live in Canberra on Ngunnawal land.
A new project is aiming to increase city kids’ connections with nature, threatened species conservation and Indigenous culture. Dr Georgia Garrard from RMIT University talks about this project, which will see Wurundjeri Woi-wurrung Traditional Owners working with kids at Carlton North Primary School in Melbourne and Gunditjmara Traditional Owners working with kids at Heywood Consolidated School in western Victoria.