Plant translocations aim to create self sustaining populations capable of surviving long term in the wild and, if successful, can reduce the risk of extinction for a threatened plant. Translocations are often costly and time-consuming, and it can be challenging to achieve high success rates. To help improve the success of plant translocation projects we have revised and substantially expanded a set of best-practice guidelines. Our guidelines go through all the steps of the translocation process, from determining whether translocation is appropriate, to necessary approvals, site selection and preparation, right through to implementation, ongoing management, monitoring and evaluation. It also includes a chapter on community participation.