This project will examine how bird communities change at woodland restoration sites in south-eastern Australia. The project will use long-term datasets to compare changes in the assemblage of woodland birds that occupy tree plantings with birds that occupy stands of remnant vegetation. In particular the research will investigate: 1) Does bird species richness in plantings change over time? 2) Does the size and shape of the tree planting influence bird species richness over time? 3) Are there changes in the occurrence of individual bird species over time? 4) Are temporal changes in bird species linked to particular life-history attributes such as body size, nesting behaviour and diet?