Four steps for the Earth: Mainstreaming the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework

Date: 22, Jan, 2021
Author(s):   Milner-Gulland, E.J., Addison, P., Arlidge, W., Baker, J., Booth, H., Brooks, T., Bull, J., Burgass, M., Ekstrom, J., zu Ermgassen, S., Fleming, V., Grub, H.M.J., von Hase, A., Hoffmann, M., Hutton, J., Juffe, D., ten Kate, K., Kiesecker, J., Kumpel,N.F., Maron, M., Newing, H.S., Ole-Moiyoi, K., Sinclail, C., Sinclair, S., Starkey, M., Stuart, S., Tayleur, C., Watson, J.E.M.

The upcoming meeting of the Convention on Biological Diversity aims to agree a Global Biodiversity Framework, representing an opportunity to transform humanity's relationship with nature. Restoring nature while meeting human needs requires a bold vision, but this will only succeed if biodiversity conservation can be mainstreamed throughout society. Here, we present a framework that could support this mainstreaming; the Mitigation and Conservation Hierarchy. This places the well-established four-step Mitigation Hierarchy for mitigating and compensating the impacts of developments on biodiversity (Avoid, Minimise, Restore, Offset towards a target such as No Net Loss of biodiversity) within a broader framing that encompasses proactive conservation actions. The Mitigation and Conservation Hierarchy supports both the choice of actions to restore nature and accounting for the effectiveness of those actions, in a consistent manner across sectors and scales. As such it has the potential to guide actions towards a sustainable future for people and nature.

Four steps for the Earth: Mainstreaming the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework