Theme 3.00

Monitoring and management

Improved monitoring and management of threatened species and threatened ecosystems, including the effectiveness of interventions, is essential to learn what conservation actions work best.

A better understanding of the current condition of ecosystems is the first step in this process.

This theme will focus on:

  • Improved reporting and information on threatened species and ecological communities
  • Better prediction of threatened species trajectories
  • Practical adaptive management for threatened species conservation and recovery programs improvement.
Related Projects

Developing a threatened species index

Project: 3.1
This project will develop and evaluate a set of indices that can provide reliable and robust measures of population trends across Australia’s threatened species. This will support more coherent and transparent reporting of changes in biodiversity across national, state and regional levels.

Improving threatened species monitoring

Project: 3.2
This project will aim to improve the design and implementation of cost-effective monitoring for threatened species. An extensive review of past and current approaches to threatened species monitoring will inform future monitoring programs. Case studies will be developed around monitoring approaches for a wide range of threatened species and new technologies (such as drones) will be explored.

Using reintroductions to understand causes of mammal declines and extinctions at Booderee National Park

Over the last century Booderee National Park has suffered large declines and extinctions of many native species, especially mammals. Active management has stabilised declines of many species and created conditions considered suitable to trial reintroductions of at least three regionally extinct mammals. This project will support Parks Australia in planning and monitoring the releases.

Monitoring Threatened Species on Indigenous lands: Bilbies in the Martu Determination

Martu people are traditional owners of over 14 million hectares of the western deserts, one of the last strongholds of the greater bilby. The project is combining Indigenous knowledge and Western scientific techniques to create and establish bilby monitoring and data management programs that will be implemented by Martu Kanyirninpa Jukurrpa Rangers.

Bioacoustic monitoring of breeding in glossy and red-tailed black-cockatoos

Project: 3.2.3
Breeding success is a key limiting factor in population recovery for the threatened glossy black-cockatoo and south-eastern red-tailed black-cockatoo. Monitoring is important to guide conservation actions, however these species are difficult to monitor using traditional methods. This project will develop novel bioacoustic methods to monitor breeding in these species.

Using drones for biodiversity monitoring

This project will trial the performance of drones with thermal cameras to provide tangible advice to managers about when they should be used to augment traditional ecological monitoring approaches. It will also develop a framework for designing drone-based surveys, and evaluate the statistical and technical trade-offs between different survey designs.

Thermal imaging for biodiversity monitoring

Traditional techniques for monitoring wildlife such as spotlighting are often too expensive, inefficient or impractical for widespread use. New technologies and new advances in survey methods have the potential to provide data that are more accurate for lower costs.

Practical adaptive management to improve threatened species conservation programs

Project: 3.3
What makes effective adaptive management? And what are the key unifying attributes of successful and unsuccessful adaptive management? This project will develop case studies to support adaptive management and conservation, with an initial focus on the critically endangered Leadbeater’s Possum and the Malleefowl. A key part of this work will be to help the Department of Environment deliver on its commitments in the emergency actions component of the Threatened Species Strategy.

Adaptive Management for threatened mammals in the Victorian Central Highlands

Project: 3.3.2
Many species of mammals and birds are dependent on the Mountain Ash forests of Victoria’s Central Highlands, including the Critically Endangered Leadbeater’s Possum and Vulnerable Greater Glider. This project will use analysis of existing long-term monitoring data and new field-based experimental research and radio-tracking to strengthen the scientific evidence base of strategies to secure the longterm conservation of these and other species dependent on these forests.

The conservation of Greater Glider populations in the Victorian Central Highlands

Project: 3.3.4
Greater gliders have declined in many parts of south-eastern Australia, with local extinctions in some areas. They require tree hollows for dens and so are found in forests with large old hollow-bearing trees. The project focuses on greater glider populations in the mountain ash forests of the Victorian Central Highlands. This project aims to 1) quantify how populations in the focus region are changing across space and over time; and 2) identify the factors underpinning the observed changes.

Adaptive reintroduction strategies for the northern corroboree frog

Project: 3.3.6
The critically endangered northern corroboree frog is one of many frogs in major decline due to chytrid fungus. A common management response is to establish captive breeding programs paired with reintroductions. However, reintroductions into the sites where the last wild populations persisted has met limited success due to the continued effects of chytrid fungus. This project will develop and trial innovative new translocation and reintroduction approaches, to reestablish wild populations of the northern corroboree frog in the ACT.

Mitigating and managing barriers to fish passage and improving river connectivity

Project: 3.3.7
Native fish populations in the Murray Darling Basin are estimated to be at 10% of pre-European numbers. One significant cause of declines is barriers to fish movement, which can lead to population fragmentation and loss of access to key habitat. Barriers can be created by physical instream structures, cold water pollution and changed hydrological conditions.