Scientists suspect that hundreds of thousands of Australian species remain undiscovered or poorly known and that many of these species are at as great
a risk of extinction as those formally listed as threatened. Poorly-known but imperilled species present a formidable challenge to researchers and
conservation managers for many reasons.
“In most cases, the knowledge limitations for these species constrain targeted conservation responses and prevent these poorly known species being formally listed as threatened,” says Beth Crase, who recently ran a workshop for the TSR Hub’s Improving threatened species assessments and evaluating conservation policy options for data-challenged species (Project 5.2)
“We explored a range of options for enhancements to legislation, policy and process to better protect such species from extinction.”
The workshop brought together policy, management and research personnel from the Commonwealth and state governments, Commonwealth and state threatened species committees, and universities to help define the extent of the problem of conservation for poorly-known species, to develop options to enhance the conservation of these species and to document impediments, biases and opportunities.
Options for enhancing this protection included greater use of the precautionary principle; application of some specific protective categorisation currently used by the WA agency; use of a data-deficient category; comprehensive assessments of the conservation status of major taxonomic groups of species; expanded de facto protection such as inclusion in the national reserve system, in threatened ecological communities or management actions directed at key threatening processes; and increased community awareness and support for non-charismatic species.
A policy paper outlining these options will be a key output from the workshop. Other outputs will include a series of publications for peer-reviewed journals and potentially a national working list of data deficient species.
Photo: A recently discovered Australian endemic lizard, the Congoo gecko (Strophurus congoo), by Eric Vanderduys
You have to be pretty lucky to make a living by combining your passion and interests, and that’s exactly how Dr Daniel White feels about his current state of affairs. Dan began his career studying genes, and has since applied his science to saving species. Here he describes how.
The TSR Hub recognises that outcomes for threatened species will be improved by increasing Indigenous involvement in their management. In response to this, the Hub is guided by an Indigenous Reference Group and has a number of projects across Australia that are collaborating with Indigenous groups on threatened species research on their country.
A new contagious fungal plant disease has entered Australia, myrtle rust. It’s highly mobile, can reproduce rapidly and is infecting many species across a broad geographic range. Containment and eradication responses have so far been unsuccessful.
Australia is losing large old hollow-bearing trees in our mountain ash forests due to logging, fires and climate change. A team at the Australian National University have been investigating the importance of these trees, the implications of their loss and things we can do to ensure we have enough mountain giants for the future.
While media reports often focus on the doom and gloom of species sliding to extinction, it is important to also take note of where we are succeeding. Hub Deputy Director Professor Stephen Garnett talks about the importance of learning from conservation successes and celebrating how far we have come.